In support of a one Health System
Our Vaccines create healthier systems for farm and companion animals to human health
Brucellosis is a highly contagious chronic zoonotic disease caused by the bacterial pathogen Brucella abortus affecting livestock and humans as well. Humans are prone to Brucellosis owing to their proximity to livestock and/or by consumption of unpasteurized dairy products. Brucellosis causes abortions or reproductive failure. While animals typically recover and give offspring following the initial abortion, they are likely to be weak and defective. They continue to shed the bacteria through milk.
A study suggested, in India, brucellosis caused a loss of USD 3.4 billion to the livestock sector of which 96% was to the dairy sector alone.
FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE (FMD) is a severe and highly contagious viral disease of livestock. The disease affects cattle, swine, sheep, goats and other cloven-hoofed animals. FMD is a transboundary animal disease (TAD) that affects livestock production with consequent impact on regional and international trade. The disease is estimated to circulate in 77% of the global livestock population. A research study estimates that annual impact of FMD is anything between US$6.5 and 21 billion. In addition, outbreaks in FMD free countries and zones have caused losses of >US$1.5 billion a year.
Future Vaccines in The Pipeline
Bluetongue is an insect-borne, viral disease affecting sheep, cattle, deer, goats and camelids (camels, llamas, alpacas, guanaco and vicuña). Although sheep are most severely affected, cattle are the main mammal reservoir of the virus and are critical in the disease epidemiology in Mixed farming. The disease is non-contagious and is only transmitted by insect vectors.
Bluetongue disease of ovines and caprine has caused severe economic losses to global trade which is estimated to be around US $3 billion.
Rabies is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the brain in humans and other mammals especially canines. Early symptoms can include fever and tingling at the site of exposure. Rabies causes about 59,000 deaths worldwide per year, about 40% of which are among children under the age of 15.
Rabies transmitted by dogs is responsible for the loss of over 1.8 million DALYs (disability adjusted life years) every year, with direct and indirect economic costs (PEP, animal tests, dog vaccination, and livestock losses) totalling US$5.5 billion per year.